- Main STDs classified by clinical sydnrome
- Algorithms guide diagnosis and treatment
- Client treated for all major causes of syndrome
- Algorithms should be adapted to local STD
The syndromic approach to diagnose and treat STDs has four
- The main STDs are classified by clinical syndrome, a constellation
of symptoms described by the patient and signs identified
by the provider.
- Algorithms, also called flow-charts, are used
to guide providers in diagnosing and treating diseases within
a particular syndrome.
- Clients are generally treated for all possible major causes
of the syndrome, rather then just one cause. If a client has
a genital ulcer, for example, the syndromic management algorithm
guides the provider to treat for both syphilis and chancroid.
- Algorithms should be adapted to local situations, based
primarily on prevalence of various STDs. This can help a provider
reduce overtreatment. For example, with the genital ulcer
syndrome situation mentioned above, if there are virtually
no cases of chancroid reported in the region, the treatment
of this syndrome might focus only on syphilis.