STD prevention activities can be provided by all primary and
reproductive health care services, including family planning
and maternal and child health (FP/MCH) programs.
Prevention is used here to mean primary prevention,
which refers to preventing infections in individuals who do
not have an STD. Essential elements of primary prevention of
STDs are education and counseling. Primary prevention also includes
discussion of contraceptive choices and the importance of condom
use for individuals at risk of STDs.
If resources are available, programs can also provide secondary
prevention services. These services include diagnosing
and treating existing STDs and assisting in partner notification,
thus preventing further spread of infection. Approaches to the
diagnosis and treatment of STDs are discussed in more detail
in the STD management section of this presentation.