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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Section 1

- Introduction
- Overview
- Objectives
- Infections
- Most Common
- Ulcerative
- Non-Ulcerative
- Curable
> Incurable
- Factors
- Consequences
- Risk of HIV
- STD Control
- Transmitters
- Containing
- Social Norms
- Condom Use
- Management
- Challenges
- Program Level
- Women at Risk
- Reaching Men
- Adolescents
- Adolescents
- Reaching
- Prevention
- Management
- Summary

Section 2
Section 3


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Section 1 - STDs: An Overview

Global Incidence of Incurable STDs

  • HPV, herpes, HIV: at epidemic proportions

  • HIV is of particular concern
    • 30 million infected worldwide in 1998
    • proportion of women with HIV rising
    • two thirds of infected live in sub-Saharan Africa; spreading rapidly in South and Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe

Source: UNAIDS, 1998; WHO, 1995.
Slide 8

Three viral STDs, HPV, herpes and HIV, are at epidemic proportions.

WHO estimates that 30 million new infections of HPV and 20 million new cases of herpes occur each year.

The HIV/AIDS epidemic is of particular concern because AIDS is currently both incurable and eventually fatal. As of 1998, nearly 30 million adults and children were believed to be living with HIV/AIDS worldwide, according to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and WHO. New infections occur at a rate of 16,000 every day, or about 6 million each year. In developing countries, about six of every 10 infected adults are men, but in much of the world the proportion of women with HIV infection is rising.

In 1998, more than two-thirds of adults and children with HIV lived in sub-Saharan Africa. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is also spreading rapidly in South and Southeast Asia and in Eastern Europe.



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