Contraceptive Technology and Reproductive Health Series: Home Page Contraceptive Technology and Reproductive Health Series Back to FHI Website
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Introduction Contents Post-Test References Go To Presenter Info


Section 1

- Introduction
- Overview
- Objectives
> Infections
- Most Common
- Ulcerative
- Non-Ulcerative
- Curable
- Incurable
- Factors
- Consequences
- Risk of HIV
- STD Control
- Transmitters
- Containing
- Social Norms
- Condom Use
- Management
- Challenges
- Program Level
- Women at Risk
- Reaching Men
- Adolescents
- Adolescents
- Reaching
- Prevention
- Management
- Summary

Section 2
Section 3


Previous pageNext page

Section 1 - STDs: An Overview

Reproductive Tract Infections

  • Endogenous infections
    • overgrowth of normally present organisms

  • Iatrogenic infections
    • introduced by medical procedures

  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • primarily introduced during sexual intercourse

Slide 3

STDs are one type of infection of the reproductive tract. Sometimes, they are referred to as sexually transmitted infections, or STIs. Other types of reproductive tract infections are endogenous infections and iatrogenic infections.

Endogenous infections are caused by an overgrowth of organisms that are normally present in the genital tract. One example of an endogenous infection is bacterial vaginosis.

Iatrogenic infections may be introduced into the reproductive tract by medical procedures. Examples of such medical procedures are dilation and curettage (D&C) or Cesarean sections.

This presentation focuses on the group of reproductive tract infections that are transmitted primarily through sexual intercourse. Some STDs can also be transmitted by infected blood and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding.



Previous page      Next page