- Endogenous infections
- overgrowth of normally present organisms
- Iatrogenic infections
- introduced by medical procedures
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- primarily introduced during sexual intercourse
STDs are one type of infection of the reproductive tract. Sometimes,
they are referred to as sexually transmitted infections, or
STIs. Other types of reproductive tract infections are endogenous
infections and iatrogenic infections.
Endogenous infections are caused by an overgrowth of organisms
that are normally present in the genital tract. One example
of an endogenous infection is bacterial vaginosis.
Iatrogenic infections may be introduced into the reproductive
tract by medical procedures. Examples of such medical procedures
are dilation and curettage (D&C) or Cesarean sections.
This presentation focuses on the group of reproductive tract
infections that are transmitted primarily through sexual intercourse.
Some STDs can also be transmitted by infected blood and from
mother to child during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding.