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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Introduction Contents Post-Test References Go To Presenter Info


Section 1

- Introduction
- Overview
- Objectives
- Infections
- Most Common
- Ulcerative
- Non-Ulcerative
- Curable
- Incurable
- Factors
> Consequences
- Risk of HIV
- STD Control
- Transmitters
- Containing
- Social Norms
- Condom Use
- Management
- Challenges
- Program Level
- Women at Risk
- Reaching Men
- Adolescents
- Adolescents
- Reaching
- Prevention
- Management
- Summary

Section 2
Section 3


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Section 1 - STDs: An Overview

Consequences of STDs

Consequences of STDs table

Slide 10

STDs can have severe medical consequences, including death.

Untreated gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, in women, which can lead to infertility or chronic pain. PID can also cause ectopic pregnancy with subsequent maternal death. Cervical cancer is closely associated with certain types of HPV infection. This cancer is common and has high mortality rates in many developing countries, where screening programs for its early detection are limited.

Some STDs, such as herpes and syphilis, may affect pregnancy outcome, causing spontaneous abortion, premature birth and stillbirth. Gonorrhea and chlamydia can also affect the babies born to infected women, causing eye infections and blindness. Syphilis, HIV and herpes can be transmitted to newborns, potentially causing chronic disease and death. In addition, herpes can lead to mental retardation in babies.

Some STDs, if untreated in men, can lead to infertility or a narrowing of the urethra.

And, of course, HIV/AIDS is fatal.

STDs can also have severe social and economic consequences. Women, especially in developing countries, may be blamed for an STD or resulting infertility. This may lead to violence, abandonment or divorce. STDs can also result in lost work time due to illness.



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