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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Goals

Section 1

- Introduction
- Overview
- Objectives
- Infections
- Most Common
- Ulcerative
- Non-Ulcerative
- Curable
- Incurable
> Factors
- Consequences
- Risk of HIV
- STD Control
- Transmitters
- Containing
- Social Norms
- Condom Use
- Management
- Challenges
- Program Level
- FP/MCH
- Women at Risk
- Reaching Men
- Adolescents
- Adolescents
- Reaching
- Prevention
- Management
- Summary

Section 2
Section 3

Summary

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Section 1 - STDs: An Overview

Factors Affecting the Spread of STDs

  • Lack of gender equity

  • Poverty and commercial sex

  • Disruptions to traditional family life

  • Inadequate health services

  • Legal, cultural and religious obstacles to condom promotion and use

Slide 9


Lack of gender equity plays a large role in the spread of STDs. Women with little power in their personal relationships often cannot persuade their partners to practice safe sexual behaviors. Poverty can make this problem worse by forcing some women to exchange sex for economic support, either informally or by entering the sex industry, a major force in the spread of STDs.

Both commercial and casual sex are associated with disruptions in traditional family life often caused by migration, movement to cities, and men working away from their families for extended periods.

Other social factors that greatly promote the spread of STDs are lack of education, inadequate health services, including diagnostic and treatment services for STDs, and legal, cultural and religious obstacles to condom promotion and use.

 

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