Contraceptive Technology and Reproductive Health Series: Home Page Contraceptive Technology and Reproductive Health Series Back to FHI Website
Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)
Introduction Contents Post-Test References Go To Presenter Info


Section 1
Section 2

- Introduction
- Objectives
- Goals
- Eligibility Criteria
- Who Can Use
- Conditions
- Counseling
- Myths
> Side Effects
- IUD Use
- Complications
- Complications

Section 3


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Section 2 - Client Screening and Counseling

Common Side Effects

During insertion:

  • Some pain and cramping

First few days:

  • Light bleeding and mild cramping

First few months:

  • Heavier or prolonged menstrual bleeding
  • Intermenstrual bleeding and/or cramping

Slide 28

IUDs do have some common side effects that should be discussed with the client before an IUD is inserted. The provider should tell the woman that she may experience pain and cramping during the insertion and may experience light bleeding and continued mild cramping for a few days following insertion. Heavier and prolonged menstrual bleeding, as well as cramping and bleeding between periods, are common but usually temporary. Studies have shown that these events usually are tolerable and do not necessitate removal of the IUD. Providers need to reassure the woman that these side effects do not indicate a serious medical problem.



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