Artwork adapted from PATH and The Population Council.
Barrier methods are difficult to use consistently and correctly.
Therefore, in typical use, barrier methods are not as effective
at preventing pregnancy as some other methods. Hormonal contraceptives,
intrauterine devices and sterilization are very effective at
preventing pregnancy but offer no protection against the transmission
If a person is at increased risk of STD/HIV infection, providers
have a responsibility to help clients decide which method or
methods to use, given this dilemma between emphasizing pregnancy
prevention or disease prevention. To address this dilemma, some
family planning programs are beginning to recommend using two
methods, or dual-method use one for pregnancy
prevention and the second for STD prevention.