Contraceptive Technology and Reproductive Health Series: Home Page Contraceptive Technology and Reproductive Health Series Back to FHI Website
Barrier Methods
Introduction Contents Post-Test References Go To Presenter Info

Goals

Section 1
Section 2

- Information
- Objectives
- Male Condom
- Properties
- Latex
- Plastic
- Correct Use
- Breakage
- Behaviors
- Cautions
- Protection
- Female
- Characteristics
- Use
- Spermicides
- Characteristics
- Correct Use
- Preferences
- Diaphragm
- Characteristics
- Considerations
> Correct Use
- Fitting
- Follow-up
- Sponge
- New Methods

Section 3

Summary

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Section 2 - Method Information

Correct Use of the Diaphragm and Cervical Cap

Correct Diaphragm Insertion
Correct Cervical Cap Insertion
  • Must be left in place 6
    hours after intercourse
  • Can be left up to 24 hours
  • Add spermicide at each
    act of intercourse
  • Must be left in place 6
    hours after intercourse
  • Can be left up to 48 hours
  • No additional spermicide needed for multiple acts

Slide 32


Before inserting a diaphragm or cap, a woman should check it for holes or tears by holding it up to the light. If it is defective, she should use a back-up method until the device can be replaced. Spermicidal jelly or cream should be spread around the rim and on the inside portion of the dome with clean fingers. The device should go all the way back against the cervix, so the cavity containing the spermicide covers the cervical opening. A woman should check the position of the device by feeling around the edge to be sure the cervix is completely covered.

After a diaphragm is inserted, if intercourse occurs more than one hour later or if multiple acts of intercourse occur, an application of spermicide should be inserted into the vagina without removing the device. The diaphragm should be left in place for at least six hours following the last act of intercourse but not more than 24 hours.

The cervical cap is effective against pregnancy for multiple acts of intercourse without additional spermicide. The cap should be left in place for at least six hours following the last act of intercourse and can remain in place for up to 48 hours, although this might lead to a bad odor.

When removing these devices, the woman should take care not to damage them or the cervix with her fingernails. The devices should be washed gently but thoroughly with soap and water, dried, and stored in a cool, dry, dark place.

 

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