Contraceptive Technology and Reproductive Health Series: Home Page Contraceptive Technology and Reproductive Health Series Back to FHI Website
Barrier Methods
Introduction Contents Post-Test References Go To Presenter Info

Goals

Section 1
Section 2

- Information
- Objectives
- Male Condom
- Properties
- Latex
- Plastic
- Correct Use
- Breakage
- Behaviors
- Cautions
- Protection
- Female
- Characteristics
- Use
- Spermicides
- Characteristics
- Correct Use
- Preferences
> Diaphragm
- Characteristics
- Considerations
- Correct Use
- Fitting
- Follow-up
- Sponge
- New Methods

Section 3

Summary

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Section 2 - Method Information

Diaphragm and Cervical Cap

Diaphragm, Cervical Cap and spermicide application diagram

Artwork adapted from CDC.
Slide 29


We will now discuss two other female barrier methods, the diaphragm and cervical cap. Both are made of soft latex rubber and are inserted into the vagina, fitting over the woman’s cervix. A diaphragm covers the entire upper part of the vagina including the cervix. It fits between the pubic bone and the posterior fornix of the vagina. Smaller than the diaphragm, a cap fits only over the cervix, where suction holds it in place. These devices do not make a perfect seal against the cervix, and it is possible for them to dislodge during intercourse. Thus, sperm may get past the physical barrier. For this reason, both devices are used with spermicidal cream or jelly.

When used with spermicides, the diaphragm and cervical cap prevent pregnancy by serving both as a physical and chemical barrier.

Neither the diaphragm nor the cervical cap is widely used in developing countries and often neither is available.

 

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