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Barrier Methods
Introduction Contents Post-Test References Go To Presenter Info


Section 1

- Objectives
- Methods
- Good Health
- Characteristics
- Characteristics
- Users
- Global
- Pregnancy
> STDs
- Counseling
- Instruction

Section 2
Section 3


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Section 1 - Overview of Barrier Methods

Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Disease

Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Disease table

Slide 9

The male latex condom is the only barrier method that has been shown in human studies to prevent the transmission of all types of STDs, including HIV, the virus that leads to AIDS. The female condom may prove to be as effective as the male condom, but studies have not been completed.

Other female-controlled barrier methods protect against disease in varying degrees. Spermicides containing nonoxynol-9, or N-9, protect against common bacterial STDs and have been found to inactivate HIV in the laboratory. Their effect on HIV transmission in humans is under study. The diaphragm with N-9 offers some protection against bacterial STDs, while the cervical cap with N-9 may also offer such protection. The effect of the diaphragm and cervical cap on HIV transmission is not known. The vaginal wall is still exposed when a diaphragm or cervical cap is in place and could provide points of entry for STDs, including HIV.



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