- Characteristics and side effects
- Emphasis on consistent and correct use
- Partner cooperation and participation required
- How to make it a part of sexual
activities (where appropriate)
- Common problems in use
- Where to get more supplies
- Use of emergency contraception
Artwork adapted from PATH and The Population Council.
Users of barrier methods are more likely to be successful when
they receive effective counseling. Good initial counseling ensures
that clients understand the characteristics and potential side
effects of a variety of family planning options. This allows
women and men to make an informed choice about which method
meets their specific needs. For barrier methods, counseling
must emphasize the importance of consistent and correct use.
Intensive counseling, which may involve teaching new skills,
is needed to facilitate consistent use. Partner communication
and cooperation are also required for effective use of barrier
methods. Using barrier methods involves touching ones
own genitals or the genitals of ones partner. If culturally
appropriate, it is helpful to talk to clients about how to make
the use of barrier methods a part of sexual activities.
Clear and practical information on how to use the method correctly,
how to avoid common mistakes in use and how to get more supplies
is also essential. These factors will be discussed in detail
later in this presentation.
In the event of incorrect or inconsistent use of a barrier
method, or if a condom slips or breaks, clients should be advised
that emergency contraception may be available. Clients should
see a provider as soon as possible.
Learner Note: Emergency contraception
is described in more detail, including definition and
dosage, in the text accompanying slide 41.