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Reducing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Findings from an Early Infant Diagnosis Program in South-South Region of Nigeria

March 2012 — Early diagnosis of HIV in infants is critical to ensuring that children exposed to or with HIV receive appropriate care, treatment and follow-up. This study describes findings from an early infant diagnosis (EID) program and the effectiveness of a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) intervention in six health facilities in south-south Nigeria. Researchers looked at records of 702 perinatally exposed babies and analyzed details of PMTCT antiretroviral regimens, breastfeeding choices, HIV test results and other factors. The authors conclude that reduction of mother-to-child transmission of HIV is possible with effective PMTCT interventions, while loss to follow-up of HIV-exposed infants remains a challenge. The full report can be found here: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/12/184.