Meeting the Contraceptive Needs of Key Populations Affected by HIV in Asia: An Unfinished Agenda
August 2012 — The use of and need for family planning among key populations affected by HIV in Asia are discussed in this paper, which offers recommendations for strengthening the linkages between family planning and HIV policies and programs in the region.
Like all women, women living with and at risk of acquiring HIV have the right to determine the number and timing of their pregnancies and to safely achieve their reproductive intentions. Yet, many women in Asia affected by HIV lack access to family planning services and experience disproportionately high rates of unintended pregnancy and abortion. Programs that have succeeded in promoting condom use and providing HIV prevention and treatment services in this region have largely missed the opportunity to address the contraceptive needs of the key populations they serve.
The importance of better linkages between family planning and HIV policies and programs is now widely recognized by global health policymakers and donors. To date, however, most of the efforts to improve these linkages have been conducted in Africa. Greater attention is needed to the developing, implementing, and evaluating of integrated family planning/HIV approaches that are tailored to the political, cultural, and public health context in Asia.