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Contextual barriers, motivations, and coping strategies in the uptake of HCT and condoms among fisherfolk in a fish landing site in Busia District

December 2014 — FHI 360’s Communication for Healthy Communities (CHC) project in Uganda conducted a rapid qualitative assessment among fisherfolk in Uganda’s Busia District to understand their risk behavior strategies to avoid HIV, in particular, their use of HIV counseling and testing services and condom use. The study also looked at the coping strategies of positive deviants, that is, persons who knew their HIV status and reported condom use at last sex. [Positive deviance is a problem-solving, community-driven approach that observes and adapts the solutions of people who use uncommon behaviors or strategies to resolve a problem.] The findings are informing the social and behavior change communication interventions that CHC is designing to address misconceptions about HIV prevention in fishing communities.