Explore FHI 360

173 Results Found

  • Published research
    A measurement error model approach to survey data integration: Combining information from two surveys
    Combining information from two surveys is a challenge in survey sampling, particularly when there are overlapping geographies. In such cases, dual frame estimation methods are employed to derive overall estimates while avoiding double contributions coming from the overlap area. In this paper, measurement error models were layered onto the dual frame approach, to appropriately account for potential measurement errors. The approach can be generalized to combine more than two sources of information.
  • Published research
    Comparing focus groups and individual interviews: Findings from a randomized study
    Researchers often question using focus groups or individual interviews for their studies. The findings in this article are based on a randomized study in which data from focus groups and individual interviews were compared. The authors found that sensitive and personal disclosures were more likely in a focus group and some sensitive themes only occurred in a focus group. The authors suggest these findings can help researchers align qualitative data collections methods with study objectives.
  • Published research
    Urban, rural, and everything in between: Smarter planning for the 2030 agenda
    At a time when data is driving development solutions more than ever before, weaknesses in the way countries and international organizations collect and report data on population distribution present challenges to the stated commitments of the Sustainable Development Goals. This paper explores the current challenges and proposes practical solutions to ensure smart planning and resource allocation to maximize development investments.
  • Published research
    Using behavior change approaches to improve complementary feeding practices
    Improving complementary feeding of children 6 to 24 months of age requires an understanding of what drives feeding behaviors in specific cultural and economic contexts and which systematic approaches best facilitate beneficial and feasible changes. This paper analyzes social and behavior change approaches and use of program delivery platforms at scale that resulted in documented improvements in Bangladesh, Malawi, Peru and Zambia. The authors conclude that complementary feeding practices, particularly dietary diversity, can be improved rapidly in a variety of settings through available program platforms if interventions focus on specific constraints and strategies encourage caregivers to prepare and feed appropriate foods.
  • External Article
    Among several new options for male contraceptives mentioned in this article is Gendarussa, a product that prevents sperm from fertilizing an egg. FHI 360 developed protocols for the next phase of clinical trial for this product. Paul Feldblum, FHI 360 Senior Epidemiologist, says Gendarussa received clearance from the Indonesian equivalent of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to proceed with Phase 2 trials.
  • News
    FHI 360 is providing monitoring services for a trial to evaluate a DNA vaccine for the Zika virus, which could protect healthy adults and adolescents.
  • Published research
    Safety and tolerability of maraviroc-containing regimens to prevent HIV infection in women: A phase 2 randomized trial
    This study shows that, for U.S. women at risk of HIV infection, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) regimens containing maraviroc are safe and well-tolerated, compared with the standard regimen of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine. The authors also found that no new infections occurred with the study regimen, compared with the standard regimen, but more research is needed to determine whether that outcome is because of the study drug and whether the enrolled population was lower risk than anticipated.
  • Published research
    Electronic health, telemedicine and new paradigms for training and care
    This qualitative literature review assesses eHealth and mHealth training methods for HIV care that were published between 2016 and 2017. Notable findings were that the merging of electronic medical records systems improved telemedicine through mobile networks and instant messaging services to low-resource areas, and that few trials established efficient strategies to train HIV care providers or extenders on HIV care outcomes. The authors recommend more rigorous testing of electronic training interventions to demonstrate the impact on services for people living with HIV.
  • Published research
    HIV treatment cascade among female entertainment and sex workers in Cambodia: Impact of amphetamine use and an HIV prevention program
    This study examines the continuum-of-care outcomes among HIV-positive, female, entertainment sex workers in Cambodia. While most women were successfully linked to HIV care, the authors found that retention and viral suppression were low. The authors suggest that tailored existing HIV/AIDS prevention programs that target the broader population of HIV-positive, female, entertainment sex workers, as well as interventions to reduce amphetamine-type stimulant use, could optimize the health benefits of HIV treatment.
  • Published research
    Institutional maternal and perinatal deaths: A review of 40 low- and middle-income countries.
    The paper describes the magnitude of institutional maternal mortality, causes and cause-specific case fatality rates, and stillbirth and early neonatal death rates. The authors found that the causes of facility-based maternal mortality mirror the findings of population-based systematic reviews. These findings show that health management information systems should differentiate between antenatal and intrapartum stillbirths and more accurately classify newborn deaths. More precise measurement of these outcomes should strengthen health system interventions in maternal and infant mortality.