Explore FHI 360

12 Results Found

  • Published research
    Factors related to incomplete adherence to antiretroviral therapy among adolescents attending three HIV clinics in the Copperbelt, Zambia
    The authors assessed antiretroviral adherence among adolescents in Ndola, Zambia, using two measures: 48-hour treatment gap in prior three months and pharmacy medication possession ratio in prior six months. The findings support strengthening adolescents’ HIV management skills related to alcohol use, family engagement and the challenges adolescents face when transitioning to adulthood, especially when they are no longer in school.
  • Project
    The LEAP LNG-IUS Initiative will generate evidence to determine if and how the levonorgestrel intrauterine system might increase contraceptive use and continuation rates in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Published research
    Using behavior change approaches to improve complementary feeding practices
    Improving complementary feeding of children 6 to 24 months of age requires an understanding of what drives feeding behaviors in specific cultural and economic contexts and which systematic approaches best facilitate beneficial and feasible changes. This paper analyzes social and behavior change approaches and use of program delivery platforms at scale that resulted in documented improvements in Bangladesh, Malawi, Peru and Zambia. The authors conclude that complementary feeding practices, particularly dietary diversity, can be improved rapidly in a variety of settings through available program platforms if interventions focus on specific constraints and strategies encourage caregivers to prepare and feed appropriate foods.
  • Published research
    Feasibility of district wide screening of health care workers for tuberculosis in Zambia
    This study assessed the feasibility of tuberculosis (TB) screening of health care workers, including paid staff and community volunteers, as part of a project introducing facility-specific interventions to control TB. The authors found that screening was feasible if confidentiality can be guaranteed.
  • Past Project
    The Zambia Defense Force HIV Prevention Cross-Cutting project works to strengthen the Zambia Defense Force Medical Services in 47 military facilities.
  • Published research
    Effects of water provision and hydration on cognitive function among primary-school pupils in Zambia: A randomized trial
    The authors conducted a randomized controlled trial in five schools with limited water access in Chipata, Zambia, to assess the efficacy of water provision on cognition. Although there were suggestive relationships between both water provision and hydration and increased scores on tests measuring visual attention, the authors did not find that provision of water or hydration impacted cognitive test scores. Key improvements to the study design are warranted to further investigate this relationship.
  • Feature
    Today, Zambia is faced with a complex set of challenges, including high rates of HIV, an overburdened national health system and a lack of researchers dedicated to resolving these issues.   
  • Publication
    This paper reviews service data from 28,320 children born to mothers with HIV to estimate mother-to-child transmission rates.
  • Project
    In Zambia, FHI 360’s extensive field experience is complemented by a research program that is robust and growing, particularly in the area of HIV prevention and treatment. We collaborate with local and international partners to generate knowledge...