Serum vitamin D status and bacterial vaginosis prevalence and incidence in Zimbabwean women
Bacterial vaginosis, a highly prevalent vaginal condition, is correlated with many adverse reproductive outcomes. The authors examined the association between vitamin D status and prevalence of bacterial vaginosis, separately for pregnant and nonpregnant women. Among reproductive-age Zimbabwean women, insufficient vitamin D was not associated with increased bacterial vaginosis prevalence or incidence. Identification of factors leading to high bacterial vaginosis prevalence is urgently needed.