Bitra George

Country Director, India

Areas of expertise

  • HIV and AIDS
  • Technical approaches to HIV and AIDS
  • Child development and health
  • Orphans and vulnerable children and voluntary counseling and testing programming and research
  • Quality assurance/quality improvement
  • Scale-up management
  • Family planning
  • Reproductive health
  • Health system strengthening
  • Operations research
  • Implementation science
  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • Capacity building
  • Program management
  • Strategic planning
  • Budgeting
  • Human resource management

Projects & Resources

  • In northeast India, Project Sunrise builds the institutional and human capacity to improve and scale up the quality of a comprehensive package of HIV services for people who inject drugs.

  • PROGRESS (Program Research for Strengthening Services) was a five-year project awarded to FHI 360 by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in June 2008. The project sought to improve access to family planning among underserved populations by providing global technical leadership and working in selected countries.

Published Research

  • The evolving HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs in India and the need for a heightened response (editorial)
    Mastro TD, George B, Osborne K
    AIDS. 2015; 29: 629-31

    India has 2.1 million people living with HIV infection, however HIV prevalence ratios are very low except in key populations most at risk for transmission. This editorial reviews a report of a large, 15-city, cross-sectional study of people who inject drugs (PWIDs) that revealed a severe, geographically and demographically evolving HIV epidemic among PWIDs. The authors believe strong data on size estimations of key populations and a better understanding of HIV transmission dynamics and the interventions that can improve the prevention, care, and treatment cascade can be used to guide investments for key population services.

  • Comparison of sexual risk, HIV/STI prevalence and intervention exposure among men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) and men who have sex with men only (MSMO) in India: Implications for HIV prevention
    Ramakrishnan L, Ramanathan S, Chakrapani V, Goswami P, Deshpande S, Yadav D, Sen S, George B, Paranjape R.
    AIDS Behav 2015 Dec; 19 (12): 2255-69. [Journal Impact Factor: 3.728]

    The research examined HIV-related sexual risk, HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevalence and intervention exposures between men who have sex with men and women and men who have sex with men only. The findings indicate that concurrent sexual partnerships with men and women pose a risk of HIV transmission or acquisition for men who have sex with men and their male and female partners. All subgroups of this key population require tailored information and skills to consistently use condoms with different types of partners of either gender.

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